An image of a spectacular gas butterfly bubble in the Milky Way was captured by the Southern European Observatory (ESO) telescope.
The striking planetary nebula, known as NGC 2899, appears to float and open across the sky in this pristine image from ESO’s Large Telescope (VLT) in Chile.
A planetary nebula is created when a star is released with fuel to burn and blows its outer layers out of space.
NGC 2899 has never been caught in that detail, revealing bad outer edges of an expanding shell of gas that glows over the background stars.
Blue parts of the ‘butterfly’, located up to 6,500 light-years away, consist of oxygen gas, while the reddish hue around the edge is hydrogen.
Scroll down for the video
This highly detailed view of the planetary nebula NGC 2899 was captured using the FORS instrument on a very large ESO Telescope in northern Chile. This item has never been marked with that striking detail
“This object has never been marked with such striking detail, with even the bad outer edges of the planetary nebula shining on the background stars,” ESO said in a statement.
Despite their name, the planetary nebulae – shells of gas and dust drawn by a dying star – have nothing to do with the planets.
They are formed when an ancient star with a maximum of six times the mass of our Sun reaches the end of their lives, collapses, and emits gas-expanding shells, rich in heavy elements.
Intense UV radiation lights up and lights up these moving shells, causing them to glow brightly for thousands of years.
Planetary nebulae eventually spread slowly through space, meaning they are relatively short-lived and rare – there are about 1,500 known in the galaxy, estimates from the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics.
NGC 2899, discovered by English astronomer John Herschel in 1835, is somewhere between 3,000 and 6,500 light-years away in the southern constellation of Vela.
The large gas scales of NGC 2899 extend up to a maximum of two light years from its center and reach up to 18,000 degrees Fahrenheit or 10 000 degrees Celsius.
Image of the Omega Nebula, captured by the Very Large Telescope (VLT) with a powder center and light color
Such high temperatures are due to the large amount of radiation from the nebula’s main star, which causes the hydrogen gas in the nebula to enter a red escape around the oxygen gas, in blue.
NGC 2899 has two central stars, which is thought to give it its almost symmetrical appearance.
After one star has reached the end of its life and sheds its outer layers, the other star interferes with the flow of gas, forming a two-lobed butterfly shape seen here.
ESO said only about 10 to 20 percent of planetary nebulae show this type of bipolar shape.
Astronomers were able to capture this image using the FORS instrument (FOcal Reducer and Low Dispect Spectrograph) installed on UT1, one of the four 27-foot telescopes that make up the VLT in Chile.
This high-resolution instrument was one of the first to be installed on a VLT – which came into operation in 1998 – and is behind another stunning image.
In 2013, FORS returned a unique nebula image with a unique green color reminiscent of the ghost Slimer from the 1984 film Ghostbusters.
The glowing green planetary nebula IC 1295 that rotates with a dim star and dies. It is located about 3300 light years away in the constellation of Scutum (The Shield).
The planetary nebula IC 1295 has been revealed around a dim and dying star located about 3,300 light-years away in the constellation of Scutum.
He previously also caught a firing shot Omega Nebula about 6,500 light-years away in the constellation Sagittarius, with a dusty center and light color.
MAYBE has been used to study physics in depth after the formation of complex planetary nebulae.
He also contributed to observations of light from a gravitational wave source and researched the first known interstellar asteroid.
The asteroid, named Oumuamua from its exposures, is up to a quarter of a mile (400 meters) long and very elongated – probably 10 times as long as it is wide.
THE VERY LARGE TELESCOPE IS A FREE LAND-BASED INSTRUMENT IN CHILE
The Southern European Observatory (ESO) has built the most powerful telescope ever made in the Atacama Desert in northern Chile.
It’s called the Very Large Telescope (VLT) and it is it is generally regarded as one of the most advanced optical instruments ever made.
It consists of four telescopes, of which The main mirrors measure a diameter of 27 feet (8.2 meters).
There are also four portable six-foot (1.8 meter) portable telescopes.
The large telescopes are called Antu, Kueyen, Melipal and Yepun.
The Southern European Observatory (ESO) built the most powerful telescope ever made in the Atacama Desert in northern Chile and named it the Very Large Telescope (VLT).
The first of the Unitary Telescopes, “Antu”, entered routine scientific operations on April 1, 1999.
Telescopes can work together to form a giant “interferometer”.
This interferometer allows images to be filtered for any unnecessary obscuring objects and, as a result, astronomers can see details up to 25 times thinner than with individual telescopes.
He was involved in marking the first image of an extrasolar planet as well as tracking individual stars moving around the supermassive black hole in the center of the Milky Way.
She also observed the consequence of the fastest known Gamma Ray Burst,